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INTRODUCTION



A.





Background of Written report

Absurdist drama is the most
popular

non realistic genre of the 20th century
. Information technology

was at its peak in the 1950s, only connected to influence
d

drama through the 1970s.


The Bald Soprano is one of the absurdist drama that began writing by Eugene

I
onesco in 1984,

He began a series of “anti-plays” that

inside

a decade established his place in the new-French theater, the grouping of new dramatists that included


Samuel Beckett,


Arthur Adamov, and Jean Genet. In the 1950s,
La Cantatrice chauve
was translated into various languages and widely staged; past 1960, in the U.s., where it had been translated and produced equally
The Baldheaded Soprano, it was already being

documented

as a modern classic, an of import

inspirational

piece of work in the theater of the absurd, which by and so was start coming into

trend

in America.




The Bald Soprano

, a one-act “anti-play,” opens in a “middle-course English language” interior, furnished with typically English furniture and a typically English couple, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, whose first names remain

strange
.


According to me
. I
onesco as the writer of this play

would

criticize the
system class of British as we kn

own

that the British Lodge is devided into three primary class;


Ø



Upper Class


Ø



The Middle Class and


Ø



The lower Class


The upper class


is consist of people who has inherited wealth and many of them belongings aristocratic titles non merely that but also their Pedagogy. Whereas

the middle course

is consist of industrialists, professionals, businesspeople and shop owners. And

the lower class

is the people are generally agricultural, mine, service manufacture, and factory workers





.

From this issue we are going to talk nearly behavior that incompatible with society life at this moment. Information technology

was

about the bigotry happened to 1 of the characters who

’s

proper name Mary. She

was

a Mr and Mrs Smith’due south Maid, where Mary worked for them for several years only they did non care for her well, this event occurred when Mary wanted to tell story to Smiths and their friends, but he did non
allow her to exercise it, instead she was ridiculed by the ugly words and sent off her from

the

room when she desire



to read a verse for fire master.



We interested to hash out it because it was very important to our life, if nosotros know that in the several Nation this example always exist. Usually information technology was happen to woman worker weather as housemaid or employee in one company or other. Whereas nosotros were as human being in this globe has the aforementioned human being right. Related with this equality of homo right and so that it has been written in the proclamation of human right as globe-wide in 1948, such as

1st
paragraph: all of human was born independently, and has the aforementioned grade and correct, they are given mind, reason and ordered to gather each other in brotherhood.

2nd
verse one: everyone be entitled to personality correct which written in this expression without exception, such every bit nation, colour, sex, language, faith, politics, opinion, ownership, or position.


Mawardi (2007: 249)



B.





Statement of Problem

This analyzing is surfaced past social indication that happen
ed

among characters especially smiths and their maid ‘’Mary’’ who got a bad act from her employer. Information technology

was occurred when she was going to tell

a

story and read a poem

in front of both of them,


just they did not let her to practise it because she was not suitable according to Mr and Mrs Smith. So she is pushed off stage while reading poem.


We telephone call it ‘’DISCRIMINATION’’
as we kn

e
w together that it

was

a kind of mental attitude which departure other human being beingness in any identify. Information technology can be influenced by several factors such as; Factor of wealth, potency, respectability and knowledge. Mawardi (2007:249)

Afterwards reading the whole play, I think in that location are some factors that effected smiths measure out to Mary. It is influenced by gene wealth and dominance which is owned by Mr Smith and Mrs Smith and they Felt that Mary just simply a servant in their house.

To analyze this play we demand some questions to make it easier understood by the readers:


ane.



Why

did

Mr and Mrs smith

non allow her to tell story?


two.



How did Mary react when she got a bad act her from her employer?




C.





Theoretical Framework

To
clarify this play we are going to use the Marxism theory


.

As far as we know that it

was

explained by Karl

Marx
and Frederick Engels in German language


y

in the eighteen 80 four (1845) about materialism historic and dialectic. In their economic theory they explicate

near the conflict between the upper course and the lower class whereas the upper class has dominance to the lower class. And so that we use this theory to help us in analyzing this drama especially nearly

discrimination issue that


occur

to Mary

in the Bald Soprano.

We think it is very interesting because in the real life it really happen.

Baca Juga :   Seni Bela Diri Murni Hasil Budaya Bangsa Indonesia Adalah

The


drama told us that Mary is

a

maid of smiths who e’er communicate to each other for

fussily.

Example when Martins came to her employer’s firm she went to open up the door for them. But in the other case Smiths Scolded her when she want to tell story because she is not suitable to tell the story in front end of them.

The


existence of divergence classes like in this drama will effect to more dividing in club. Of grade, it will occur a discrepancy amidst them. For instance named Gusti and Nyoman or Wayan in Bali society, Gusti is often used by people who have a not bad degree in guild whereas Nyoman and Wayan volition be used by people who are in the lower class such as Servant.

Like

this events Eugene Lonesco told us clear

l
y in The Bald Soprano every bit satirizing and criticizing of the British society.


United kingdom of great britain and northern ireland was one time a class-ridden society; class was a staple role of the British way of life. Today, multiculturalism and a changing economy are gradually eroding the British class system, only some features of the arrangement withal remain.


The Bigotry happened to Marry in The Bald Soprano



A.





The Brief
Of Author

Eugene Ionesco was built-in in Slatina, Romania on November 13, 1909, Eugène Ionesco grew upwardly in France but returned to Romania with his male parent later hir parents divorced in 1925. He studied French literature at the University of Bucharest from 1928 to 1933. In 1936, Ionesco married Rodica Burileanu. He and Rodica had i daughter for whom he wrote several unconventional children’s stories. Ionesco and his family lived in Marseilles during World War Ii, and then settled in Paris after its liberation in 1944.


Ionesco did not write his showtime play until 1950. Having decided at the age of 40 that he ought to learn English language, Ionesco acquired an English text and fix to work, conscientiously copying whole sentences from his primer for the purpose of memorizing them. Rereading them attentively, he learned non English but some amazing truths that, for example, at that place are seven days in the week, something he already knew, that the flooring is down, the ceiling up, things he already knew as well, peradventure, but that he had never seriously thought about or had forgotten, and that seemed to him, suddenly, as stupefying as they were indisputably true.

As the lessons became more complex, 2 characters were introduced, Mr. And Mrs. Smith. To Ionesco’southward astonishment, Mrs. Smith informed her husband that they had several children, that they lived in the vicinity of London, that their proper name was Smith, that Mr. Smith was a clerk, that they had a servant, Mary, English, like themselves. What was remarkable nigh Mrs. Smith, was her eminently methodical procedure in her quest for truth. But so, as Ionesco would after write, “A strange phenomenon took identify’’. I did not know how the text began imperceptibly to modify before my eyes. The very uncomplicated, luminously clear statements I had copied then diligently into my notebook, left to themselves, fermented after a while, lost their original identity, expanded and overflowed. The cliches and truisms of the conversation primer, which had once made sense gave way to pseudo-cliches and pseudo-truisms; these disintegrated into wild caricature and parody and in the end language disintegrated into disjointed fragments of words.”

Ionesco ready about translating his feel into a play, The Bald Soprano, which was staged by Nicolas Bataille on May eleven, 1950, at the Noctambules. The Baldheaded Soprano went unnoticed, however, until a few established writers and critics (Jean Anouilh, Raymond Queneau, and Jacques Lemarchand) saw the play and supported it publicly. Their entrada to concenter an audition for the play succeeded and the eye-aged Ionesco soon found himself in a position of international renown. He went on to write more than twenty plays including Rhinoceros, The Chairs, Jack or The Submission, The Lesson, The Killer, Go out the King, Macbett, and Journeys Amidst the Dead.

L
onesco rejected the logical plot, character development, and thought of traditional drama, instead creating his ain anarchic class of one-act to convey the meaninglessness of modern homo existence in a universe ruled by chance. His awards include the Tours Festival Prize for film in 1959, Prix Italia 1963, Club of Authors theatre prize in 1966, Grand Prix National for theatre in 1969, Monaco Grand Prix in 1969, Austrian State Prize for European Literature in 1970, Jerusalem Prize in 1973, and honorary doctorates from New York University and the universities of Louvain (French republic), Warwick (England), and Tel Aviv (Israel). He was elected into the Academic Francaise in 1970. Ionesco passed away at the historic period of 84 in 1994.

Baca Juga :   Wana Tegese


ANALYZING


O mankind! Nosotros created y’all from a unmarried (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the almost righteous of you. And Allah has total knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).
(QS. Al-Hujurat:49:13)






A.





Definition of Discrimination

Discrimination is a treatment of making a distinction in favor of confronting, a person or thing based on the group, class, category to which that person or thing vest rather than on individual merit





. In other words discrimination is

the deed of prejudice confronting a person because they accept a certain set of characteristics. Discriminated characteristics ca include inability, age, gender reassignment, religion, race, sex and sexual orientation.

Discrimination tin can take many forms but in many countries around the world there are laws prohibiting any form of bigotry. In the United States, employment laws are very strict regarding discrimination and the laws serve to protect individuals from being discriminated in the workplace. The laws as well serve to guide employers on adequate conduct for its employees with regards to bigotry.

The equality would influence people to practice something adept, no resist and bigotry to others, so they were aware must exist respect to each other. This is a must for us as human existence in the earth but Eugene Ionesco as the author of this drama equally if to show genesis reserved what we think, such equally when Mary will read her verse form to the fire chief absolutely Miss Smith did not allow her and asked her to read information technology in the kitchen. Not only that, but likewise Mr and Mrs Smith push button upwardly her from their front. Mary in this drama has taught us that really unjust if someone is appreciated and respected because of their authority amongst other people. And this grapheme besides taught us how to we will be respected by other human existence well. And also we tin life unremarkably without difference class.



B.





Analysis

The hassle grade as one of theories which deliver
ed

by Karl Marx in 1845, it is very interesting to discuss because information technology depict the society life in generally. We think

I
onesco every bit the author of this

play


maybe was influenced by Marx theory or motivated by his Feel when he Learned English language and then endeavour to describe information technology to the Grapheme who is proper name Mary

as nosotros explain above

, for us Mary in this play is a represent of depiction Marx theory in several literary work
,

where he said that the literary work is an image of economic arrangement.

So at that place are many authors make it as the main theme in their literary work. From Republic of indonesia nosotros knew

Pramoedya Ananta Toer and Putu Wijaya who always write a novel which related with this theory. From here I conclude that marxism theory has boggling influence in the literary piece of work such
as Promoedya Ananto Toer, Eugene Lonesco likewise ane of the writer who frequently create social upshot as the main theme in his literary work. It is proved by his play which told the audience about women struggle who work as a maid in one of rich family. This play was titled ‘’ The Bald Soprano’’.




In The Bald Soprano Mar
y


is

told as the Fussy

girl


and obedient to his employers, he was a

servant in smiths’due south

house,



he e’er d
id

wha
t

Mr and Mrs Smith want

.


Because she knew that she

was

a maid who always submissive to her employer’southward control. Let’south pay attention to this conversation;


Mary







:




Mr. and Mrs. Martin, your guests, are at the door. They were waiting for me. They didn’t dare come in past themselves. They were supposed to take dinner with you this evening.





Mrs. Smith







:




Oh, yes. Nosotros were expecting them. And we were hungry. Since they didn’t put in an appearance, we were going to start dinner without them. We’ve had nothing to eat all day. You should non have gone out!





Mary







:




But information technology was you who gave me permission.





Mr. Smith





:



We didn’t practise it on purpose.


Mary



[bursts into laughter, then she bursts into tears; so she smiles] I bought me a sleeping room pot.





Mrs. Smith




:









My beloved Mary, delight open the door and ask Mr. and Mrs. Martin to step in. We volition change rapidly.




[Mr. and Mrs. Smith get out right. Mary opens the door at the left by which Mr. and Mrs. Martin enter.]
(page vi)

The Describing in a higher place conspicuously tell us that at that place is deviation form betwixt Mary and Mrs Smith. Mrs Smith as her employer

who

felt

he has

the right to do what she or he want. Not only that but likewise they thought that they have the right to ridicule

Mary


in front of public. For instance like chat bellow betwixt Mary, Mr Smith, Mrs Smith and their Friends;


we are as homo beingness would refused this activeness because nosotros felt our self esteem were taken law-breaking by other people.

Baca Juga :   Diameter Virus Heliks Bergantung Pada


Mary





:



Madam . . . sir . . .


Mrs. Smith




:







What do you desire?


Mr. Smith





:



What have you come up in here for?


Mary





:



I hope, madam and sir will alibi me . . . and these ladies and gentlemen as well . . . I would like . . . I would like . . . to tell you lot a story, myself


Mrs. Martin





:



What is she maxim?


Mr. Martin





:



I believe that our friends’ maid is going crazy . . . she wants to tell the states a story, also




Fire Chief





:



Who does she recollect she is? [He looks at her.] Oh!





Mrs. Smith






:



Why are you butting in?





Mr. Smith





:



This is really uncalled for, Mary . .





Fire Main





:



Oh! But it is she! Incredible!





Mr. Smith




:







And you lot?


Mary





:



Incredible! Hither!


Mrs. Smith





:



What does all this mean?


Mr. Smith





:



You know each other?



(page 27)












The sentences above are told by Smiths and their Friends to objurgate Mary. Actually Mary c
ould not


receive the treatment but she still though
t

that she h

ad

a moral duty to Mr Smith and his wife so that she tr

ied

to be patient at that place. The deviation class between Mary and Mr Smiths is really surface a discrepancy and treatment inhuman. A bad handling to Mary all the same continue
d

to rage when she talked to Mrs Smith that she w

ould


read the poem but they did not permit her fifty-fifty they ridicule
d

and pushed her off the house.


Mary





:



don’t exist upset! . . . They’re not so bad really.


Mr. Smith




:







hm . . . Hm . . . You 2 are very touching, but at the same fourth dimension, a little   . . . A little . . .


Mr. Martin




:








yes, that’due south exactly the word.


Mr. Smith


. . .




:




A picayune too boastful . . .


Mr. Martin





:



there is a native british modesty-forgive me for attempting, withal again, to define my thought–not understood by foreigners, even past specialists, thanks to which, if i may thus express myself . . . Of course, i don’t hateful to refer to you . . .
Mary
i was going to tell you





Mr. Smith





:



don’t tell us anything . . .


Mary





:



oh yes!


Mrs. Smith




:







go, my little mary, go quietly to the kitchen and read your poems











before the mirror . . .


Mr. Martin





:



you know, even though i’m not a maid, i also read poems before the      mirror.


Mrs. Martin





:



this morning when you looked at yourself in the mirror yous didn’t see yourself.


Mr. Martin





:



that’southward considering i wasn’t there however . . .


Mary





:



all the aforementioned, i could, peradventure, recite a little verse form for you.


Mrs. Smith





:



my piffling Mary, you are frightfully obstinate.


Mary





:



I’one thousand going to recite a verse form, then, is that agreed? It is a poem entitled “The Burn down” in honor of the Fire Principal: The polypoids were burning in the wood






(page 29)

Mary in this drama has learned us that really unjust if someone is appreciated and respected simply considering their puissance to other people. And this character has taught us how to we will be respected past other man existence well.

And too we can life usually without difference course. In Islam


we know Bilal bin Rabah and Sumayyah. Both of them are bond servant who got bad action from quraysh. It is happened when Bilal became a bondservant of

Umayyah bin Khalaf
, he is an of import effigy of quraysh
.

Whereas Sumayyah who was insulted and abused past Abu Jahal that afterward killed her past thrust


a spear



to the


Sumayyah’due south stomach until she died.




Abi Humaidi (2008: 1)




C.





Conclusion

Basically human was built-in with the aforementioned potential because every bit nosotros know that Human was born from the same father and the same mother they are Adam and Hawa (peace upon them). Only a long with the different of human interest, it is usual if
adjacent moment show a rasizm and discrimination term around us.




Really From this character Eugene

I
onesco volition criticize the system class in British in other side he will show the reader about how to someone should be treated and fought their self esteem. Mary’southward character showed united states how to Marx through his theory became a symptom over the length of social life. He said that the equivalence of order should be all the right homo in the world. And Al-Quran also explain

how to nosotros respect to each other well

The dissimilar grade of lodge volition create infinite among people were then will lead to social inequality it is influenced by the upper class who ever dominate the lower classes like Marx said in his theory.

Mary is 1 of the victims of the different classes in the customs who is told past Eugene

I
onesco in this drama.


Nosotros are as human beingness must exist respect to other people without view of social status amidst them;


things similar

was

exemplified by the prophet Muhammad when bringing his friends regardless of where they came fr
om.

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