The Main Topic of Paragraph Two is

The Main Topic of Paragraph Two is

How to Write Topic Sentences | iv Steps, Examples & Purpose

Every paragraph in your paper needs a topic sentence. The topic sentence expresses what the paragraph is about. It should include two cardinal things:

  • The

    of the paragraph
  • The

    central signal

    of the paragraph.

After the topic sentence, you expand on the point with evidence and examples.

To build a well-structured argument, you can also utilise your topic sentences to transition smoothly between paragraphs and prove the connections between your points.

Writing strong topic sentences

Topic sentences aren’t the kickoff or the concluding matter you write—you’ll develop them throughout the writing process. To make sure every topic sentence and paragraph serves your argument, follow these steps.

Step i: Write a thesis statement

The first footstep to developing your topic sentences is to make sure y’all have a strong thesis statement. The thesis statement sums up the purpose and statement of the whole paper.

Thesis statement example

Food is an increasingly urgent environmental issue, and to reduce humans’ impact on the planet, it is necessary to change global patterns of nutrient production and consumption.

Footstep 2: Make an essay outline and draft topic sentences

Next, you should brand an outline of your essay’southward structure, planning what you lot want to say in each paragraph and what prove yous’ll use.

At this stage, you can draft a topic sentence that sums upwardly the principal point you want to brand in each paragraph. The topic sentences should exist more specific than the thesis statement, but always conspicuously related to information technology.

Step 3: Expand with evidence

The rest of the paragraph should period logically from the topic sentence, expanding on the signal with prove, examples, or argumentation. This helps keep your paragraphs focused: everything you write should relate to the central thought expressed in the topic sentence.

In our instance, you might mention specific research studies and statistics that support your point virtually the overall impact of the meat industry.

Step 4: Refine your topic sentences

Topic sentences usually start out equally simple statements. Just information technology’s of import to revise them equally y’all write, making sure they friction match the content of each paragraph.

A good topic sentence is specific enough to give a clear sense of what to expect from the paragraph, simply general enough that it doesn’t give everything away. Yous can recollect of it like a signpost: it should tell the reader which direction your argument is going in.

To make your writing stronger and ensure the connections between your paragraphs are clear and logical, you lot tin can as well use topic sentences to create polish transitions.

Topic sentences as transitions between paragraphs

As you lot write each topic sentence, enquire yourself: how does this indicate relate to what yous wrote in the preceding paragraph? It’southward frequently helpful to use transition words in your topic sentences to show the connections betwixt your ideas.

Emphasize and expand

If the paragraph goes into more than detail or gives another case to brand the same point, the topic sentence can use words that imply emphasis or similarity (for example,
in fact,

Baca Juga :   Jelaskan Tentang Hukum Perspektif

Indeed, cattle farming lonely is responsible for a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions.

Summarize and conceptualize

If the paragraph turns to a different aspect of the same subject field, the topic judgement can briefly sum up the previous paragraph and conceptualize the new information that will appear in this 1.

beef clearly has the well-nigh dramatic footprint, other animal products
accept serious impacts in terms of emissions, water and land use.

Compare and dissimilarity

If the paragraph makes a comparison or introduces contrasting information, the topic sentence can use words that highlight difference or conflict (for case,
in contrast,
all the same,
on the other hand).

However, the ecology costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, pocket-size-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than constitute-based food production.

Y’all tin also imply dissimilarity or complicate your argument by formulating the topic sentence as a question.

Is veganism the only solution, or are there more than sustainable ways of producing meat and dairy?

Topic sentences that introduce more than ane paragraph

Sometimes you tin use a topic sentence to innovate several paragraphs at once.

All of the examples above address the environmental impact of meat-eating versus veganism. Together, they brand up ane coherent part of a larger argument, so the kickoff paragraph could use a topic sentence to introduce the whole section.

Topic judgement introducing several paragraphs

Where does the topic sentence go?

The topic judgement usually goes at the very kickoff of a paragraph, but sometimes it can come later on to indicate a modify of management in the paragraph’s statement.

Given this evidence of the meat industry’south touch on the planet, veganism seems like the only environmentally responsible option for consumers.
However, the environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cutting; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than plant-based food production.

In this example, the first sentence summarizes the chief indicate that has been made so far. Then the topic judgement indicates that this paragraph will address prove that complicates or contradicts that point.

In more advanced or creative forms of academic writing, you tin can play with the placement of topic sentences to build suspense and give your arguments more force. But if in doubt, to continue your paper articulate and focused, the easiest method is to place the topic sentence at the start of the paragraph.

View topic sentences in an case essay

Oftentimes asked questions about topic sentences

What are some examples of topic sentences?

Allow’s say yous’re writing a five-paragraph essay about the environmental impacts of dietary choices. Here are three examples of topic sentences you could use for each of the 3 body paragraphs:

  1. Research has shown that the meat industry has severe ecology impacts.
  2. However, many institute-based foods are also produced in environmentally damaging ways.
  3. It’s important to consider not but what type of nutrition nosotros swallow, but where our nutrient comes from and how information technology is produced.

Each of these sentences expresses one principal thought – by listing them in order, nosotros can see the overall structure of the essay at a glance. Each paragraph volition aggrandize on the topic sentence with relevant item, testify, and arguments.

Sources in this commodity

We strongly encourage students to use sources in their work. Yous can cite our article (APA Style) or take a deep dive into the articles beneath.

This Scribbr commodity

McCombes, South. (July 27, 2022).
How to Write Topic Sentences | 4 Steps, Examples & Purpose.
Scribbr. Retrieved October 13, 2022, from

Is this article helpful?

The Main Topic of Paragraph Two is